Friday, September 04, 2015

Refugees in Europe deserve help, but refugees in U.S. deserve to "be sent back"?


September 4, 2015

Hillary Clinton on the refugee crisis in Southern Europe:


“Well the pictures, well the stories, we’ve been watching this terrible assault on the Syrian people now for years, are just heartbreaking. I think the entire world has to come together, it should not be just one or two countries, or not just Europe and the United States. We should do our part, as should the Europeans, but this is a broader, global crisis.  We now have um, more refugees than we’ve had, in many years, I think since the second world war. And as we’ve seen tragically, people are literally dying to escape the conflict in Syria. Uh, I think that the, the larger Middle East, I think Asia, I think everybody should step up and say we have to help these people. And I would hope that, under the aegis of the United Nations led by the Security Council, and certainly by the United States which has been such a generous nation in the past, we would begin to try to find ways to help people get to safety in other lands. However, that does not solve the problem. And the problem is one that the entire world now sees, doesn’t just affect the Syrian people, it affects all of us… the millions of people who are fleeing need safe places to be, but the conflict needs to be brought under control.

June 18, 2014

Hillary Clinton on the refugee crisis in South Texas:

“Well, two quick points, the numbers are increasing dramatically. And, the main reason I believe that’s happening is the violence in some of those Central American countries is increasing dramatically. And there is not sufficient law enforcement or will on the part of the governments of those countries to try to deal with this exponential increase in violence, drug trafficking, the drug cartels, and many children are fleeing from that violence.

[interviewer: “Should they be able to stay here? It’s safer."]

“Well, it may be safer but that’s not the answer. Well first of all, we have to provide the best emergency care we can provide. We have children, five and six years old, who have, come up from Central America. We need to do more to, provide border security in Southern Mexico.

[interviewer: “So they should be sent back?"]

Well, they should be sent back as soon as it can be determined who responsible adults in their families are, because, there are concerns about whether all of them can be sent back, but I think all of them who can be should be reunited with their families, and just as Vice President Biden is arguing today, in Central America, we’ve got to do more, I started this when I was secretary, to deal with the violence in this region, to deal with border security, but we have to send a clear message, just because your child gets across the border, that doesn't mean the child gets to stay. So, we don't want to send a message that is contrary to our laws or will encourage more children to make that dangerous journey."

Monday, May 25, 2015

Should we use a capital framework to understand culture? Applying cultural capital to communities of color

The Acceleration of Metaphorical Capital, from my published article. Copyright Kip Austin Hinton.
"Social science research on communities of color has long been shaped by theories of social and cultural capital. This article is a hermeneutic reading of metaphorical capital frameworks, including community cultural wealth and funds of knowledge. Financial capital, the basis of these frameworks, is premised on unequal exchange. Money only becomes capital when it is not spent, but is instead invested, manipulated, and exploited. Metaphorical capitals have been criticized as imprecise, falsely quantitative, and inequitable. Some research assumes that, rather than reinforcing economic class, metaphorical capital somehow nullifies class or replaces economic capital. Yet marginalized students, by definition, have been excluded by dominant culture. Compared to low socioeconomic status (SES) students of color, high SES students have a wealth of capital, in all forms. Metaphorical capital conjures the economic worldview of capitalism, imposing a capitalist, market-based worldview. Frameworks of metaphorical capital use neoliberal vocabulary, arguably endorsing capitalism’s hegemony. The supposed metaphorical capital is not capital at all; by presenting it as capital, researchers’ goals become inconsistent with their own theoretical frameworks. There may be better ways to theorize culture. This article concludes by proposing four frameworks—possibilities that interpret culture without relying on capital."
Preview article (pdf)

Published in Equity & Excellence in Education, May 2015
Hinton, Kip Austin (2015). Should We Use a Capital Framework to Understand Culture? Applying Cultural Capital to Communities of Color. Equity & Excellence in Education 48(2), p. 299-319. DOI: 10.1080/10665684.2015.1025616